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10 May 2012
One of the most important aspects of
TEFL teaching lies in rigorous planning. Lesson
preparation is key and you'll learn all about this during
your TEFL Org UK teacher training course.
The foundation of any successful lesson plan is identifying
desirable outcomes and putting into place activities and tasks that
help the student grasp a particular concept.
Your TEFL lesson plan is effectively a step-by-step
guide to what you intend to teach during a particular lesson.
Keep your plan
structured. Start with the date and title of your lesson. Jot down
the class and level of ability you'll be teaching. Identify the
materials you'll need during the lesson. This may include props,
text books, worksheets - any materials that help to convey the
points you want to teach your students.
Next, set out the aim of the lesson, what you intend to achieve
during the 40 minutes or hour you have in class. A useful approach
here is to literally state, "At the end of this lesson, the student
will be able to answer questions about where they went on holiday
last year", for example. Don't forget to include grammatical
concepts you'll introduce during the lesson.
One of the most useful ways to launch a topic is by introducing
conversation starters. A lesson about the future tense, for
example, could be started by the teacher asking questions to the
group such as, "What are you going to do after class today?" This
will help you to nail down the target language to be taught - key
phrases and words you want the students to practice saying
individually and as a group. This can then be backed up by getting
them to practice this language through written exercises, and small
group or one to one discussions rehearsing the phrases you have
Starting a group discussion and going around the class asking
questions and eliciting a response can open up important concepts
you want to teach in the lesson. This informal discussion gives you
the chance to jot words and phrases on the whiteboard for the class
to read and recite.
Your lesson plan should cater for the type of group you're
teaching. A class of young learners will obviously respond to
different conversation starters than a group of adult business
English learners, for example. With this in mind, ensure the
activities you use to illustrate a concept are relevant to the
group you're teaching. A good example might be when teaching
business English to get the class to describe what their company
does. This allows you to cover all kinds of grammatical topics and
will be an exercise students in the class will find useful and
relevant to their learning needs.
Just as you begin your lesson by following up previous topics
learned and introducing today's subject, make sure you recap at the
end. This helps cement the concepts and language you've taught
during the lesson, and may clarify any knowledge gaps students may
have. This can be elicited through questions and answers, for
example. You may also choose to use a game or short group activity
at the end that covers all the important issues covered in a fun
and memorable way that gets the whole class involved.
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